Lighting manufacturers develop numerous lighting fixtures and light sources for a variety of sizes, shapes, types, purposes and environments. The preference for quality lighting products may not be enough for the lighting to be accurate. The lighting designer, who is responsible for the selection of lighting and fixtures, should be familiar with what to pay attention to for the right lighting.
What is the right lighting?
- The right color for the environment to illuminate
- The right amount
- In the right location
- Energy efficient
- Color return according to need
- Using a purpose-fitting light source
It is the lighting that is made.
Proper lighting depends on the appropriate descriptions presented below. Accurate lighting will increase visual comfort and prevent applications that will harm eye health.
- Nature of Light
Light source selection should be made according to the purpose of use of the place to be illuminated. The correct choice of the quality of the light will maximize visual comfort. Accurate lighting requires consideration of the color of light and the concepts of color feedback. The color of the light should be selected according to the purposes of production, presentation, rest, entertainment. Light color is defined by the concept of Kelvin in lighting products. For detailed information on Kelvin and color return, visit the http://www.avonni.com/tr/Blog/ page.
Keep in mind that culture and geography also have influences in the selection of light color. Warm countries prefer cold colors, while cold countries prefer warm colors more. Preferences should be reviewed according to the country in which the lighting project was carried out and cultural influences should be taken into account.
How important the colors of objects are in the illuminated environment varies according to the purpose of the environment. Imagine that the lighting in a doctor's examination room in a hospital produces the wrong colors. It will not be possible for the doctor to correctly diagnose the patient according to the skin or blood color. According to the importance of object colors, light source selections must be made correctly. While color feedback will not be very important in a parking lot lighting, it will become a very important issue in a fashion store.
It is desirable that the light level of working environments where people work together and spend long hours and do similar work is uniform. While some areas in the work area have high light levels, some areas are darker, and every time the point the working person is looking at changes, the pupils try to adapt to the changing level of lighting. The eyes of those who stay in this environment throughout the day get tired and eye conditions begin.
When choosing lighting tools for working environments, it is necessary to pay special attention to the fact that there is no high contrast in the environment. By placing the fixtures closer to each other, dark areas can be prevented. In work environments where many people work, general lighting and ceiling lighting should be used to illuminate the whole place as equally as possible.
There are also places where not every place is asked to be at the same light level. In some lighting-designed environments, uniformity can give a dull appearance. There may be a number of objects and zones that we want highlighted in living quarters, hotel lobbies or stores. With differences in light levels, targets such as orientation, attention and highlighting can be achieved. The light level in the relaxation area in a hotel lobby may not be the same as the light level in the reception area.
The light supplied by the light source must be constant, that is, it should not vibrate. Depending on the time, sudden changes in the light source are defined as vibration.
Working in an illuminated area with a flickering light source causes the eyes to tire quickly. While we don't notice these vibrations, our eyes transmit them to our brains. Such vibrations can cause eye deterioration or cause headaches in some people.
Vibrations can be due to the distorted light source or there may be flickering lighting depending on the electrical frequency. For example, flouresan lamps vibrate depending on the mains frequency, although our eyes do not detect them.
If there is an engine or propeller that overlaps the frequency value with the lighting that vibrates at a certain frequency, the moving parts may appear to be visible to our eyes. This can lead to very serious work accidents. In such production areas, vibration-related lighting due to electrical frequency should not be used at all or all lighting should not be connected to the same phase. Frequency overlap should be prevented by distributing the illuminations to multiple phases. This criterion should be taken into account in order to prevent work accidents.
- Glare It is called glazing that a bright light source or reflection negatively affects our vision. Low light negatively affects our eyesight, while too much affects our eyesight negatively. The direct eye of the light source is one of the most dazzling problems we encounter. When we drive eastwards at sunrise, the morning lights that come directly into our eyes significantly reduce our eyesight. The fact that the lights from the light source are reflected from a bright surface also reduces our eyesight. Glazing can be called a kind of visual noise. Glazing can be visually disturbing or completely visually preventing vision.
Brighter isn't always better.
The working surface should not be overshadowed. It is the problem that we see most in kitchens in living quarters. Due to a lighting on the ceiling in the kitchen, the person working on the kitchen counter always has his own shadow in front of him. To prevent this, it is necessary to use lamps on the countertops. In offices, the position of lighting should be adjusted so that the desk does not fall shadow on the desk.
- Light control
The need for light in the environment we want to illuminate may not always be at the same level. The need for lighting may also vary depending on the changing conditions. Lighting should also be able to be changed according to the changing need with the right lighting.
We can control the light according to the need with the following techniques.
- Control of lighting time
- Control of lighting power
- Control with motion sensors
- Time clocks and light control at a specific time of day
- Control of lighting according to the level of light in the environment with photo sensors
- Tailoring the light level to the need with Dimmers
- Managing lighting needs with a software (Scenario) with DALI and similar systems.
What the right lighting brings.
- It increases vision.
- Eye health is maintained.
- It provides an increase in happiness and working performance.
- Visual misconceptions and accidents due to these misconceptions are reduced.
- All features of objects that want to be highlighted and highlighted in the environment can be perceived more easily.
- Energy consumption and efficiency and environmental protection are ensured.
- Proper lighting adds vitality to stores. It helps to increase sales.
- Environmental safety is ensured. Crimes like theft and extortion often happen in places that aren't well-lit.
- Light pollution is removed from the middle.
As the effects of lighting on human psychology were discovered, its importance began to increase both in living spaces and in the business world. As the effects of lighting on sales, production, protection from work accidents, savings and happiness are understood, enterprises wish to work with professional lighting companies for accurate lighting. Let's not forget that no matter how beautifully designed a space is, if there is no proper lighting, the desired visual effect cannot manifest itself.